“Waterborne Disease in the United States” is now live. The first complete estimates of the burden of water borne diseases and water borne disease list in the United States have been released by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) epidemiologists. The statistics show that each year, these infections cost our healthcare system more than $3.3 billion and result in 6,630 fatalities while in addition to 7.15 Americans get sick every year from diseases spread through water. These numbers are quite alarming, and work as great reminders for each one of us to stay prepared and protected, making sure we are aware of every disease that poses a risk to our health.

a drop of water with waterborne disease

While other diseases may receive more funding and attention, water borne diseases are extremely deadly, and claim millions of lives annually.

This is a significant problem that billions of people in developing nations experience because they lack access to the resources that we often take for granted in developed economies. On a smaller scale, however, despite these resources, Americans continue to perish from drinking tainted water.


What are water borne diseases?

A water borne disease is simply any disease that is contracted by consuming dirty or contaminated water. Diseases that spread through contaminated water by pathogenic microorganisms are also known as water borne diseases. When people use contaminated water for drinking, food preparation, or laundry, among other things, these infections commonly spread in the masses. Many developing countries lack adequate water treatment facilities, particularly in the rural areas. And also, as water is limited in some areas, people may not have the time or resources to buy water purifiers, water filters or any other water treatment equipment, making water borne diseases widespread.


Factors affecting transmission of Water borne diseases

The proliferation of water borne diseases in a community is largely due to inadequate access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene. For water borne infections, the fecal-oral route is a means of disease transmission. Rural communities are more likely to contract water borne infections due to the lack of sanitation. A community's access to clean water, for instance, is influenced by its economic standing. Although less developed nations can be more vulnerable to possible epidemics of water borne diseases, developed countries, too, are equally susceptible to such outbreaks. With a reliable method to access clean drinking water and sanitation, water borne diseases can be prevented and so can their widespread amongst communities.


Commonly occurring water borne disease list


  1. Otitis Externa or Swimmer’s Ear - This is a bacterial infection that is frequently brought on by infected water that has been sitting in the outer ear canal for a long time and has created a moisture environment for germs to flourish.
  1. Norovirus Infection - Thi is an infection caused by viruses leading to vomiting and diarrhea, and it is extremely contagious. Anyone can contract the norovirus and become ill.
  1. Giardiasis - This is a gastrointestinal illness brought on by the tiny parasite Giardia duodenalis. Once Giardia infection has occurred in a person or animal, the parasite dwells in the intestines and is discharged in stool.
  1. Cryptosporidiosis - This is an illness that brings on diarrhea. The majority of people contract the parasite through ingesting contaminated food or drink.
  1. Campylobacteriosis - This is the most frequent cause of bacterial diarrhea in New York State and is an infection that results in diarrhea. The majority of cases are noticed during the summer and are isolated cases.
  1. Dysentery - This is an intestinal infection that results in blood or mucus-filled diarrhea.
  1. Cholera - This is a severe diarrheal illness carried on by an intestinal infection with the V. cholerae bacterium.Cholera Diseases


  1. Typhoid Fever - This is a bacterial infection that can infect several organs and spread throughout the body.


Causes and symptoms of water borne illness

Recreational or drinking water that has been contaminated with disease-causing organisms or pathogens is what causes water borne sickness. It should be noted that many water borne infections can also spread from person to person, by contact with animals or their surroundings, or by consuming tainted food or beverages. 

A wide range of symptoms can be brought on by water borne diseases. While the most frequently reported symptoms of water borne sickness are diarrhea and vomiting, other symptoms can include skin, ear, respiratory, or eye issues.

Common symptoms include;

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Fever
  • Skin, ear, or eye problems
  • Dizziness
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Cough and/or shortness of breath

So, how do we prevent water borne illnesses? Although the easiest answer to the question is to consume safe and clean water, accessing it in true means of purity is the challenge. Reducing the spread of water borne diseases requires clean water. People must have access to feces disposal facilities that are clean and safe, and do not cause spill over into drinking water sources, as well as additional storage that prevents water from getting contaminated. In order to stop the spread of dangerous organisms and safeguard public health, dirty water must be purified accordingly.

How can ETA help you to fight against water borne diseases?

ETA was created as a breakthrough since there wasn't a water purifier that could be relied upon to produce Extreme Filtration, especially in a crisis or emergency. The newest Ionic Adsorption Micro Filtration (IAMF) Technology is incorporated in the ETA Alkaline Water Filter Bottle which initiates the filtration procedure with the simple but unique ‘Sip and Squeeze’ mechanism.

ETA's Extreme Filtration capacity allows for the elimination of all four types of water contamination, including chemical, dissolved slide, aesthetic, and radioactive materials, and as a result, alkaline water with a pH of 9.5 that lasts up to 30 days is produced instantly.

ETA Alkaline Water Filter Bottle


With ETA’s special ability in Extreme Filtration, one of the most concerning and required elements when fighting against above mentioned water borne diseases list, which is contamination free water, is sure to be eased. 

Keeping your ETA Alkaline Water Filter Bottle handy and consuming water only from it irrespective of the source is an easy way to be secure about your hydration. Whether you are traveling with limited access to water sources or if you are unsure about the quality of your water source that you use to fulfill your daily hydration, ETA can help you avoid the most common symptoms and illnesses by simply purifying your water, making it unthinkable to drinkable.